The Last Supper

The Gospel of Mark – Part 47

The Last Supper – Mark 14:12-26

Mosaic Rockford – Dave Spooner – Aug. 16th, 2020

Intro:

  • Jesus arrived in Jerusalem as the Savior King. He restored the purpose of the temple and avoided the traps of the Priests. He continued to teach the people and train His disciples. He told them what was to come and what they should watch for. He was anointed for burial while the plans were laid for His betrayal. His final moments before His death were at hand.
  • Jesus was still the Master, even until the end. He prearranged and prepared, He predicted and proclaimed, He provided and He promised. He, indeed, was the final Passover lamb that would receive the just wrath of God for the sin of the many.    

Question and Preparations 

Mark 14:12-16 ESV

And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, “Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?” 13 And he sent two of his disciples and said to them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him, 14 and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, Where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 15 And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; there prepare for us.” 16 And the disciples set out and went to the city and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

  • The day of the Passover had arrived. The Jewish people who were present were to bring a spotless lamb and slay it on the Passover. Then they were to eat it within the city’s walls. There was much preparing that needed to be done, and they needed a place where they could be together.  
  • Jesus knew all these things and He had prearranged that the place would be prepared for them.  He has also prepared a place for us (John 14:1-4). Trust in God, trust in Jesus, do not let your hearts be troubled. In God’s sovereignty and prearrangement, we still have a part to play.     

Eph 2:10-11 ESV

For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.

  • It is indeed a mystery how God’s sovereignty and our responsibility work together, but they do.  God always does His part, and He invites us to do our part. The disciples asked Christ where they would like them to go to get ready for the Passover. Jesus then gave them instructions as to what they were to do, and He sent two of them to do it (Peter and John, Luke 22:8). 
  • They went back into the city and spotted a man carrying a jar of water, which would have been an odd sight, because it was women who typically gathered water. They were to follow the man with the jar of water and go into the house where he entered. This was a covert operation. They did not want people to know where they were, in order that Jesus could spend time alone with just the 12. And many believe this was done so Judas the betrayer would not know beforehand where they would be to ensure that this event was going to happen without interruption and arrest.  
  • The master of the house had the room reserved and everything arranged just as Jesus said that He would. He was expecting them. Everything happened the way that Jesus said that it would happen. As it was then, so it will be. The disciples did what they were asked to do, and so should we. Trust in God’s sovereignty and fulfill your responsibility.      

Truth and Consequences 

Mark 14:17-21 ESV

And when it was evening, he came with the twelve. 18 And as they were reclining at table and eating, Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me.” 19 They began to be sorrowful and to say to him one after another, “Is it I?” 20 He said to them, “It is one of the twelve, one who is dipping bread into the dish with me. 21 For the Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.” 

  • We know what Judas and the priests were planning because we read it before this point. But they only knew that He would be “delivered over to the chief priest and the teachers of the law” (Mark 10:32). I don’t think the thought ever occurred to them that one of them, one of the 12, would be the one who would betray Him. But here it was. He said it. That truly one of them, one who was eating with them now, would indeed betray Him.  
  • They began to be sorrowful. Can you imagine being there?  Can you imagine the thoughts that were going through their minds as they looked around the room? Their reaction was not one of anger but of sorrow . . . sorrow for the fellowship that would be broken, sorrow for the one who will betray, sorrow for the one who will be betrayed . . . 
  • And instead of interrogating and questioning each other, they examined and questioned themselves in sorrowful humility. Can you imagine having to ask the question, “Is it I?” And the implication and tension at the pause between the question and the answer of Jesus. Jesus again told them that it was one of them who was dipping bread into the dish with him.  These things had to be done to Him, but it would have been better for the one who was to betray Him not to be born. The truth has reward and the truth has consequences. What we receive will be in accord with the truth. (Ahithophel was a precursor for this event. He betrayed King David as one who “ate my bread.” Ahithophel later went on and hung himself just as Judas would do. [Psalm 41:9; 2 Samuel 15-17]).  
  • Peter wanted to know who it was, so he asked John to ask Jesus. . . John did ask Jesus and Jesus answered:

 John 13:26-30 ESV

“It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread when I have dipped it.” So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. 27 Then after he had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, “What you are going to do, do quickly.” 28 Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. 29 Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor. 30 So, after receiving the morsel of bread, he immediately went out. And it was night.

  • We will see next week that that there is a big difference between betraying Christ and denying Christ. One can be reinstated for denying Christ, but one will be condemned for betraying Him,. Those who have determined in their hearts to destroy Christ open themselves to the demonic. 

Body and Blood 

Mark 14:22-26 ESV

And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, “Take; this is my body.” 23 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. 24 And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. 25 Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

  • Jesus made them a new covenant. The old covenant was based on the promise of God that was sealed with the body and blood of an animal. The new covenant was based on the promise of God that was sealed with the body and blood of God. Just as in the first Passover the angel of Death “passed over” the houses of those who partook of the spotless lamb who had been slain and had sprinkled it’s blood on the doorpost of their home, the new covenant was made when the spotless lamb of God took the wrath and judgment of God against sin on Himself so that those who receive him and apply His blood to the “doorposts” of their lives will have the angel of death (the second death) Passover their lives and they will live forevermore. The death of Jesus is the atonement that takes away the sin of the world. Jesus is the one who John the Baptist announced:

John 1:29-30 ESV 

“Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

Acts 4:12 ESV

And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.

  • Jesus made this new covenant in His blood that was poured out for many. Salvation is found in no one else and in no other name. 

Conclusion and Communion 

  • If you have not yet given yourself in recognition of who Jesus is and what He has done for you, do so today. Say you believe and give your life to completely to Him.  
  • Know that what He says is true, and what He says He will do.  
  • If you are a believer, examine yourself and your relationship and commitment to Him. Renew your commitment to Him as we receive communion together.