Psalm 22 – Suffering and Salvation
Mosaic Rockford – Dave Spooner – Jan. 27th, 2019
- Psalm 22 is our passage for this morning. It is the psalm of suffering and salvation; the psalm of crucifixion. This psalm was written by David as a song that was to be sung according to the music of “The Doe of the Dawn.” There are no known events in King David’s life that correspond to this psalm. David, of course did suffer, but as far as we know it was not to this depth and not with these details. Commentators and scholars see this psalm as a prophetic psalm describing the beating, crucifixion and redemption of the Messiah who was to come.
- David was a king, but he was also a prophet as he “foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ,” as guided by the Holy Spirit 1000 years before these events were fulfilled (Acts 2:30-31). Hebrews quotes this psalm as the words of Jesus (Heb. 2:12), and the opening line of this psalm was quoted by Jesus on the cross as a sign for all those who could hear that He was fulfilling this psalm and was indeed the promised Messiah. I am sure that this psalm was one of the passages that Jesus cited when He “opened their minds to understand the scriptures” while He and some disciples were walking along the road to Emmaus when He said that “everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled” (Luke 24:44-46 ESV).
- The psalm is structured in two parts: suffering and then salvation. Each part is vital for us to understand, both what Jesus endured and what He accomplished. We are going to look at each one of these parts and then turn to the insight and application for our lives. The service will be concluded by sharing communion with each other in remembrance of what was done for us through Christ.
- When we read this psalm, be aware of what the messiah is enduring along with what is happening in His heart and mind.
Ps 22:1-21a ESV
To the choirmaster: according to The Doe of the Dawn.
A Psalm of David.
My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so
far from saving me, from the words of my groaning? 2 O my
God, I cry by day, but you do not answer, and by night, but I
find no rest. 3 Yet you are holy, enthroned on the praises of
Israel. 4 In you our fathers trusted; they trusted, and you
delivered them. 5 To you they cried and were rescued; in you
they trusted and were not put to shame. 6 But I am a worm
and not a man, scorned by mankind and despised by the
people. 7 All who see me mock me; they hurl insults at me;
they wag their heads; 8 "He trusts in the Lord; let him deliver
him; let him rescue him, for he delights in him!" 9 Yet you are
he who took me from the womb; you made me trust you at my
mother's breasts. 10 On you was I cast from my birth, and
from my mother's womb you have been my God. 11 Be not far
from me, for trouble is near, and there is none to help.
12 Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround
me; 13 they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and
roaring lion. 14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones
are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted within my
chest; 15 my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my
tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.
16 For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles
me; they have pierced my hands and feet—17 I can count
all my bones—they stare and gloat over me; 18 they divide my
garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.
19 But you, O Lord, do not be far off! O you my help, come
quickly to my aid! 20 Deliver my soul from the sword, my
precious life from the power of the dog! 21 Save me from the
mouth of the lion!
- This psalm is an exact representation of what Jesus went through while going to and on the cross. It is safe to say along with the thoughts and prayer of Christ. Think of the details of this psalm and compare it to what He went through as recorded in Matthew.
Matt 27:24-50 ESV
So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather
that a riot was beginning, he took water and washed his hands
before the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of this man's blood;
see to it yourselves." 25 And all the people answered, "His
blood be on us and on our children!" 26 Then he released for
them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him to
be crucified. Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into
the governor's headquarters, and they gathered the whole
battalion before him. 28 And they stripped him and put a
scarlet robe on him, 29 and twisting together a crown of
thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand.
And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, "Hail, King
of the Jews!" 30 And they spit on him and took the reed and
struck him on the head. 31 And when they had mocked him,
they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him
and led him away to crucify him. 32 As they went out, they
found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this
man to carry his cross. 33 And when they came to a place
called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull), 34 they offered
him wine to drink, mixed with gall, but when he tasted it, he
would not drink it. 35 And when they had crucified him, they
divided his garments among them by casting lots. 36 Then they
sat down and kept watch over him there. 37 And over his head
they put the charge against him, which read, "This is Jesus,
the King of the Jews." 38 Then two robbers were crucified with
him, one on the right and one on the left. 39 And those who
passed by derided him, wagging their heads 40 and saying,
"You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days,
save yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the
cross." 41 So also the chief priests, with the scribes and elders,
mocked him, saying, 42 "He saved others; he cannot save
himself. He is the King of Israel; let him come down now from
the cross, and we will believe in him. 43 He trusts in God; let
God deliver him now, if he desires him. For he said, 'I am the
Son of God.'" 44 And the robbers who were crucified with him
also reviled him in the same way. 45 Now from the sixth hour
there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.
46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice,
saying, "Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?" that is, "My God, my God,
why have you forsaken me?" 47 And some of the bystanders,
hearing it, said, "This man is calling Elijah." 48 And one of them
at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put
it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said,
"Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him."
50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up
- Again, Jesus, while on the cross, quoted word for word the opening lines of the psalm “My God, my God why have you forsaken me?” Any Jewish person who would have heard this would be reminded of psalm 22: the psalm of the messiah. Then when you compare what was prophesied and what happened this is what you find:
- A crying out to God in being forsaken (Ps 22:1; Matt. 27:26)
- Scorned by mankind and despised by the people (Ps 22:6; Matt. 27:24-26)
- All who see me mock Me (Ps. 22:7;Matt. 27:28-31,41,44)
- They hurl insults at Me (Ps. 22:7; Matt. 27:39-44)
- They wag their heads (Ps. 22:7; Matt. 27:39)
- He trusts in the Lord; let him deliver him; let him rescue him, for he delights in him! (Ps. 22:8; Matt. 27:44)
- Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround me; they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion. (Ps. 22:12-13; Matt. 27:27-31, 39-44)
- I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted within my chest; 15 my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death. (Ps. 22:14-15; Matt. 27:34-50)
- For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me (Ps. 22:16; Matt. 27:27-31, 39-44)
- They have pierced My hands and feet (Ps. 22:16; Matt. 27:35)
- I can count all My bones—they stare and gloat over Me (Ps. 22:17; Matt. 27:32-44)
- They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots. (Ps. 22:18; Matt. 27:35)
- Intermixed with this suffering in Psalm 22 we hear the thoughts and prayers of Jesus. He cried out to God for being forsaken. He was groaning in His pain looking for relief that did not come. He remembered the holiness of God, that He is enthroned on the praises of His people. He brought to mind the forefathers of the faith, how they trusted in God and were delivered and not put to shame. He recalled that God made Him trust in him as an infant and that He trusted in God all of His life and asked His Father to draw near and help Him.
- With the intermixing of Psalm 22 and Matt. 27 (along with the other gospels), we get a fuller picture of what was taking place around and in Christ. The suffering was agonizing, intense and immense on every level as He continued to trust Himself to God the Father. And then we read how God respond after He had suffered.
Ps 22:21b-31 ESV
You have rescued me from the horns of the wild oxen! 22 I will
tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the
congregation I will praise you: 23 You who fear the Lord, praise
him! All you offspring of Jacob, glorify him, and stand in awe of
him, all you offspring of Israel! 24 For he has not despised or
abhorred the affliction of the afflicted, and he has not hidden
his face from him, but has heard, when he cried to him.
25 From you comes my praise in the great congregation; my
vows I will perform before those who fear him. 26 The
afflicted* shall eat and be satisfied; those who seek him shall
praise the Lord! May your hearts live forever! 27 All the ends
of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the
families of the nations shall worship before you. 28 For
kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the nations.
29 All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship; before him
shall bow all who go down to the dust, even the one who could
not keep himself alive. 30 Decedents shall serve him; it shall
be told of the Lord to the coming generation; 31 they shall
come and proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn,
that he has done it.
- Here is the redemption through the resurrection and the results of all that God has done. Jesus glorifies His Father to His brothers – in the midst of the congregation He praises Him! There is a call for all of Israel to glorify and stand in awe of God for what He has done and how He has responded. Those who have been afflicted will be satisfied, all who seek God will find Him and live forever. And this promise and this call is not for just the Jewish people but for “all the families of the nations” for all the generations. He has done it. This is one of the places Paul and the Apostles point to for the spread of the Gospel to the rest of the world.
- This whole psalm is unbelievable in detail and tells of the suffering and salvation through and in the Messiah that extends to the whole world written in detail 1000 years before it happened. So, what does this all mean for us?
- God is real and He knows what it going to happen. You can trust in Him and in Scripture. There is meaning in life and there will be life after we are dead.
- God is sovereign in suffering and He is just. He does hear and He will respond. We must continue to wait and trust in Him even though we are going through pain and suffering, He will redeem and reward.
- Suffering and pain are a part of the process of redemption. As goes the king, as goes the people. Expect it – “Indeed, all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted” (2 Tim 3:12 ESV), and “In this life you will have trouble” (John 16:33).
- When in pain, turmoil and suffering, remember who God is and what He had done in the past. Continue to cry out to Him and continue to put your hope and trust in Him. (This is why this psalm was placed in the first book of psalms – the psalms of trust and of promise.) He will hear and He will respond. The prize is greater than the pain. Look to Jesus the author and perfecter of our faith.
- Honor, glorify and worship God for what He has done for us by taking upon himself the due penalty of our sin.